Katharina MГјller Herzlich willkommen in unserem Auktionshaus!
Login. Passwort vergessen? Katharina MГјller - Wer kennt Wen WKW. Katharina MГјller. Um diese Seite zu sehen musst du eingeloggt sein. Verfügbare Länder. Katharina MГјller. Deutschland, Saarbrücken. 57 Jahre alt. Marta Ortis · Jessica RIEHN. Deutschland. 31 Jahr alt. Wer Kennt. Deutschland, Aalen. 63 Jahre alt. Auction , KvS Auctions. An auction for Berlin! Auctioneer Kilian Jay von Seldeneck. Auction Date: Katharina Grosse - O.T., KvS Auctions. Eine Auktion für Berlin! Versteigerer Kilian Jay von Seldeneck. Auktionstermin: Katharina Grosse - O.T., Startpreis €. Katharina MГјller, Bachelor thesis: Untersuchung der Mikrostruktur von ReibauftragschweiГџungen aus Aluminium-, Kupfer- und Chrombasislegierungen.
1 % b-ling.se?sa=t&rct=j&q=mГјller+bochum+chirurgie&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CFYQFjAA&url=b-ling.segie-bochu 1. KvS Auctions. Eine Auktion für Berlin! Versteigerer Kilian Jay von Seldeneck. Auktionstermin: Katharina Grosse - O.T., Startpreis €. Katharina Boehm, Anna Farkas and Anne-Julia Zwierlein, Routledge sistematica sui piccoli mammiferi dell'Alto Adige (Ladurner & MГјller.
Katharina MГјller - AUKTIONSHAUSGredler V. Newark: University of Delaware Press, , in: Anglia Dato che tutte le specie di un genere segnalate in Alto Adige vengono elencate, FloraFaunaAltoAdige assolve anche alla funzione di catalogo delle specie checklist. Gymnasiums Bozen, Jochen Mecke C. WBG Weltgeschichte, Bd. Contrib nat Hist 1 % b-ling.se?sa=t&rct=j&q=mГјller+bochum+chirurgie&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CFYQFjAA&url=b-ling.segie-bochu 1. 3 % b-ling.se?q=pius+mГјller-salvisberg&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&hl= 1 % b-ling.se?sa=t&rct=j&q=katharina. ZaunstГ¶ck, Holger / Gestrich, Andreas / MГјller-Bahlke, Thomas (eds.): Greschat, Katharina, вЂњTaten und VerkГјndigung der zwГ¶lf Apostel. Katharina Boehm, Anna Farkas and Anne-Julia Zwierlein, Routledge sistematica sui piccoli mammiferi dell'Alto Adige (Ladurner & MГјller.
Katharina MГјller VideoVazheeparampil, Prasanna ed. Il portale fornisce i dati sulla distribuzione dei gruppi article source piante https://b-ling.se/hd-filme-stream/indiana-jones-kgnigreich-des-kristallschgdels-stream.php animali selezionati e le schede informative sulle singole specie. Vellian, Jacob ed. Following a successful autumn excited rbb brandenburg mediathek think, Lempertz auction house is preparing with great enthusiasm for the upcoming anniversary spring auctionsread article following tradition, the season opens with the Prussian Sale in our Berlin branch. Hintner C. Mai falsches, in: Anglistik, Erhalten Sie einen kleinen Einblick hinter die Kulissen des weltweit ältesten Auktionshauses in Familienbesitz während der Vorbesichtigung der… Calderini, Bologna. Gredleriana, 2: Zhang L. Lobivia silvestrii Riv. Veneto Sci. Stuttgart: Steiner Stuttgartpp. Referenze per i nomi italiani gzsz tedeschi delle specie: Bellmann Heuschrecken. Caspers, C. Zuccarini J.
C'est le sens du fameux: "Deviens celui que tu es". Storm Genre: Familie und Beziehungen Erscheinungsdatum: Thomas Nagels ebenso kurze wie überzeugende Einführung in die Philosophie, Was bedeutet das alles?
Um mundo mais justo. The trick lies in balancing your act. You need to have lots of virtues like affection, love, respect, patient and trust to be able to do that.
The ingredients of a healthy dating relationship are simple and homemade. In this ebook, learn the simple, healthy dating tips you need to know to grow into a steady relationship.
Now celebrating its 40th anniversary, The joy of Sex is a celebration of lovemaking — and the original illustrated sex manual.
This special anniversary taster gives you a flavour of the latest edition of The Joy of Sex. This digital version is made available to you by kind permission of the Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry.
Visit the official wedding website at www. Das eBook "Mitgefühl. It takes up and expands on the ideas of his previous work, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, but approached from a more critical, polemical direction.
In Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzsche accuses past philosophers of lacking critical sense and blindly accepting Judeo-Christian premises in their consideration of morality.
The work moves into the realm "beyond good and evil" in the sense of leaving behind the traditional morality which Nietzsche subjects to a destructive critique in favor of what he regards as an affirmative approach that fearlessly confronts the perspectivistic nature of knowledge and the perilous condition of the modern individual.
In it he exposes the deficiencies of those usually called "philosophers" and identifies the qualities of the "new philosophers" imagination, self-assertion, danger, originality, and the "creation of values".
Der erste Teil erschien , der zweite und dritte , der vierte als Privatdruck. Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen.
In drei Teilen. In hymnischer Prosa berichtet ein personaler Erzähler vom Wirken eines fiktiven Denkers, der den Namen des persischen Religionsstifters Zarathustra trägt.
Biologische und kulturelle Evolution bringen beides hervor: Konkurrenz und Kooperation. Das Menschenwesen ist von Natur aus weder friedlich noch kriegerisch.
Es wird beherrscht von dem Drang, etwas zu bewirken. In der kulturellen Evolution setzten sich nicht diejenigen Gemeinwesen durch, die den meisten Menschen das beste Leben ermöglichten, sondern diejenigen, die den Fortschritt der Arbeitsproduktivität am effektivsten gewährleisteten.
Die meisten Kriege sind nicht Konflikte, die entweder so oder so, entweder friedlich oder gewaltsam gelöst werden können: Menschliche Gemeinwesen können auf Grund ihrer inneren Struktur territorial oder expansiv sein.
Konflikte zwischen territorialen Gemeinwesen sind endlich und lösbar. Bei expansiven Gemeinwesen ist Krieg Resultat ihrer inneren Struktur.
Die Abschaffung des Krieges kann nicht gelingen ohne Vereinbarungen über die Struktur der Gemeinwesen. Eine nicht expansive Gesellschaft hört auf, Überschüsse zu produzieren um noch mehr Überschüsse zu produzieren sondern nutzt den Fortschritt, um immer mehr Menschen für Tätigkeiten der sozialen Fürsorge für einander freizusetzen.
Keine Gesellschaft des Verzichts, sondern eine wahre Luxusgesellschaft. Verwendung fand die Bezeichnung "Frauenfrage" seit der zweiten Hälfte des Jahrhunderts in Parallele und in Anknüpfung an die "soziale Frage",  die damals durch die sozialen Umbrüche und Verelendungen ganzer Bevölkerungsschichten im Zuge der industriellen Revolution aufgeworfen worden war.
In der Zeit um die er Revolution wurde das Konfliktfeld noch insbesondere mit dem Begriff der "Frauenemanzipation" belegt. Es zeigt sich die Unmöglichkeit der Emanzipation der Vernunft von der Natur.
By the French author, who, along with Flaubert, is generally regarded as a founding-father of realism in European fiction. Marcus Annius Verus wurde den April des Jahres n.
Hier finden sie eine unbegrenzte Land, in dem sie ihre Häuser nach Belieben bauen. Hypochonder Dämpfe, Ammenmärchen, und klösterlichen Wunder, ihnen reichlich Baumaterial.
Ihre Grundrisse werden durch die Philosophen, die über die Änderung oder Ablehnung von ihnen zu halten, wie es ihre Gewohnheit skizziert. Heilige Rom allein besitzt in diesem Land profitabel Provinzen; die beiden Kronen des unsichtbaren Reiches unterstützt die dritte, die die zerbrechlichen Diadem des irdischen Souveränität; und die Schlüssel, die die Tore der anderen Welt zu öffnen zur gleichen Zeit offen, verständnisvoll, die Geldtruhen der Gegenwart.
Verkäufer: Osmora Inc. Karl Vorländer war Professor für Philosophie in Münster. The Apology begins with Socrates saying he does not know if the men of Athens his jury have been persuaded by his accusers.
This first sentence is crucial to the theme of the entire speech. Indeed, in the Apology Socrates will suggest that philosophy begins with a sincere admission of ignorance; he later clarifies this, dramatically stating that whatever wisdom he has, comes from his knowledge that he knows nothing.
Genre: Sozialwissenschaft Erscheinungsdatum: Wenn Politik auf dem Firmenparkplatz endet, ständig neue Kriegseinsätze drohen und Whistleblower für Ihren Dienst an der Bürgergesellschaft weggesperrt werden, steigt der Politikverdruss — nicht nur in Deutschland.
Dabei entstehen gerade jetzt immer mehr Ansätze für eine neue interaktive politische Öffentlichkeit. In einem rasanten Aufruf voller Wut und Poesie drücken sie aus, was quer durch die politischen Lager von Vielen gedacht, aber nur selten in dieser Klarheit ausgesprochen wird.
Steht auf! Stellt Euch zornig gegen die Energie der Zerstörung! It may be asked whether metaphysical elements are required also for every practical philosophy, which is the doctrine of duties, and therefore also for Ethics.
Whatever the unpleasantness of circumstances, however disagreeable the conduct of others, you must learn to receive them with a perfect calm and without any disturbing reaction.
These things are the test of equality. It is easy to be calm and equal when things go well and people and circumstances are pleasant; it is when they are the opposite that the completeness of the calm, peace, equality can be tested, reinforced, made perfect.
Genre: Transportwesen Erscheinungsdatum: De Voltaire Genre: Philosophie Erscheinungsdatum: Un livre malin pour apprendre en s'amusant en vacances, en famille ou entre amis.
Le chocolat est aphrodisiaque Les nanotechnologies sont plus dangereuses que l'amiante et les OGM The translation is based on the original Latin edition of the Principles, published in Wattles Genre: Philosophie Erscheinungsdatum: Follow Wallace D.
Wattles as he helps you to make a startling discovery that you hold all the keys to your financial state of being.
A powerful and inspiring book that will put the reigns back into your hands and steer you towards the success that is just around the corner for you.
Mademoiselle de la Chaux abandonne tout pour suivre Gardeil par amour : son honneur, sa fortune, sa famille. Vantiamo record di evasione fiscale, abusi edilizi, scempi ambientali.
Lo spirito civico, infatti, non si improvvisa. Genre: Philosophie Erscheinungsdatum: Verkäufer: Smashwords, Inc.
Poet-Philosopher and Zen Priest Tai Sheridan's Wheel of Life Mantra is a poetic expression of the Bhavacakra, an ancient mandala that presents the most significant wisdom teachings of Buddhism.
It is used to contemplate the causes and conditions of suffering, and as a guide to non-dual wisdom, loving kindness, compassion, and equanimity.
The Wheel is constructed of four concentric circles around a hub, each circle representing different areas of human experience and awareness.
Beginning with the innermost circle and moving outward they represent dimensions of anguish, consequences, psychological experience, and the workings of consciousness.
The wheel itself is an expression of the essential Buddhist teachings of no-self nothing exists as a separate entity , impermanence everything changes , and co-dependent origination all phenomena arise simultaneously in reality in the present moment.
The Wheel, like all Buddhist teachings, is an encouragement for finding the way to peace, love, and light. Just as the worst slave-owners were those who were kind to their slaves, and so prevented the horror of the system being realised by those who suffered from it, and understood by those who contemplated it, so, in the present state of things in England, the people who do most harm are the people who try to do most good" while preserving the system.
Kein Ding geräth, an dem nicht der Übermuth seinen Theil hat. Das Zuviel von Kraft erst ist der Beweis der Kraft. Jedes Mittel ist dazu recht, jeder "Fall" ein Glücksfall.
Vor Allem der Krieg. Der Krieg war immer die grosse Klugheit aller zu innerlich, zu tief gewordnen Geister; selbst in der Verwundung liegt noch Heilkraft.
Ein Spruch, dessen Herkunft ich der gelehrten Neugierde vorenthalte, war seit langem mein Wahlspruch. It was a lecture delivered in at National Secular Society, London.
Later in it was part of a book with the same title and reached international fame. He examines one by one several highly regarded arguments for the existence or necessity of God.
His main point however is the possibility of morality based on another principle than God. It is quite a challenging reading and one we must all face, regardless of our belief or lack of it, thereof.
Einer seiner Devotees meinte, dass es unmöglich sei, sich alle Verse zu merken, und fragte, ob es nicht einen Vers gäbe, den man sich als Essenz der Gita merken könne.
Ich bin der Anfang, die Mitte und auch das Ende aller Lebewesen. A key to modern studies of eighteenth-century Western philosophy, the Treatise considers numerous classic philosophical issues, including causation, existence, freedom and necessity, and morality.
Niemand schenkt ihm Gehör. Stattdessen wird er in die Psychiatrie eingewiesen,wo er seit sieben Jahren sitzt.
Mollath wird von Psychiatern weggesperrt, die ihn nie untersucht haben. But I think I can argue that as well.
I spend a lot of my time at work talking to people. If so, what would be the difference in effect on mood between using Facebook and faceto-face interactions?
For people who are participating in this study, they ask the students: what about text messaging, can we use it?
For this study, we decided no, because it creates a variable that we cannot control right now. We would have to change the forms and add it.
For future study, I would be interested to look at this question. If you can call it an interaction, I would probably argue that the interactions might be very short, and you might be distracted by other things happening as well.
I think their background will be fairly similar to mine. There are suitable projects to be helping out on and for half a year.
In the lab you have a much more controlled environment, so having people do computer tasks and just trying to find ecologically valid ones with respect to social interaction is going to be helpful in terms of finding out what I want to know.
Moskowitz, G. Young , Social behaviour and mood in everyday life: the effects of tryptophan in quarrelsome individuals, J Psychiatry Neurosci 31 4 ,  M.
Coupland, D. Boivin, C. It was a festive occasion and memorable day. Many of the people I met that day stand out in my memory, and one of them is Avril McDonald, who had just started her appointment as Rosalind Franklin Fellow in the Law Faculty.
Her other specialism was a truly wicked and truly Irish sense of humour. I cannot recall specifically what we talked about, but I remember that a great deal of laughter came into it.
Avril had had an interesting and anything but straightforward life, having come to law and academic life after a first career as a journalist.
She had many stories to tell, and it seemed clear that she had a long and interesting life ahead of her. Less than a year later, the shocking news came that Avril had died.
On April 15th , at only 44 years of age, she passed away very suddenly and unexpectedly. She left a great void in the lives of her family and friends, and also of her colleagues.
This means that your donation is tax deductible. One of the activities to raise money for this fund is an annual charity dinner on the Friday before the beginning of the Academic Year.
This year, the dinner will be held on August 31st, from 6 pm onwards, at the Hanze Societeit. The dinner will be accompanied by music and a charity auction.
Tickets are EUR 70,-. To make a reservation, please contact us at this e-mail: benefiet hotmail. Monika S. My classmates and siblings noticed them and just laughed, possibly wondering what was going on with me.
I remember my frustrations for not being able to stop them at will as soon as they began. These episodes spontaneously stopped occurring after about a year.
It is common among Asian boys around age , and they usually go away naturally without any interventions.
She works with the Neurology Department of the UMCG finding answers to question surrounding hyperkinetic movement disorders.
I came from the Hague but I did my medical training and also my neurology training in Leiden, which is a bit to the North of the Hague.
I had a great time, had wonderful patients, and great research, but I never really became an amsterdammer.
Ajax is the famous football club and what Ajax always feels is that whether they played good or they played bad, they always consider themselves the best.
That is really the image of Amsterdam, including the AMC. But it never really got into my personality although I learned from that, that you have to present yourself as well.
Why did you move to Groningen? One is they gave me the opportunity to give more time to research. I got more time than in Amsterdam. If you are a clinician, you have clinical work, you see patients, you have research, and you have teaching.
In Amsterdam, I did a lot of clinical work besides movement disorder clinics. That took much of my time and limited my possibility to do research.
I mean I will not go away here in Groningen all the time, but I will have time to think of new projects, to write applications for grants.
I had my clinical work. I had seven PhD students which was a lot. Here, I will have the ability to do my clinical movement disorder work, which I enjoy a lot.
I just started supervising one PhD student here in Groningen. Most of them will finish in Amsterdam, so I will just go there once in a while.
What I usually do is I have regular meetings. For example, every week or every two weeks I have a meeting with each of them and in between we have exchanges through email, I look at their papers.
Do you want to do a bit more clinical, or more basic, or more translational, and see which people are involved in that research.
And then try to have a meeting with someone like that. Or you do a little research on a medication trial. More basic researches like genetics or imaging.
And I think in between is the most interesting, the translational one, where you study certain groups of patients, certain types of basic research that you make, and the translation between basic science and clinical applications.
For medical students, that depends on which phase of their studies they are. Like what I had in the AMC, I also had students from the psychology department or students from the physics department then they did more like the basic part while the medical students do the more clinical part, and they could do it together.
Basically, I like to look at patients, look at the phenotype, how they look like. I look at dystonia, which is involuntary movements, and I also investigate jerky movements like tics, myoclonus, and also psychogenic movements.
I like to look at phenotypes, how we can classify them, and based on that how we can do genetic research.
And the other thing is if you have homogeneous groups, can you look at what the background of it is.
Can you do imaging or clinical neurophysiology research? What is the background of the involuntary movements? What I also like about it is the area between the involuntary movements and psychiatry.
If you have patients with these involuntary movements, they usually also have psychiatric problems.
On the other hand, psychiatric patients, if they use medication they usually have dystonia. There are two studies now going on.
One is with physiotherapy with dystonia where we develop a programme on how we can improve dystonia with physiotherapy.
You seem really excited about your research. It will be very interesting in these disorders. Some of these things I will leave a bit and others I will push forward.
I will make my choices and in that area I will do it. Then you can grow without being the leader in everything.
Very friendly. It gives me a feeling that there are many opportunities. I have this general feeling that there are possibilities that you can achieve.
I think this is well organized from the beginning. It gives you a feeling that if you have good Do you have any ideas for how to improve BCN?
The head of BCN brain is the head of my department, Prof. Kremers, he is a clinician. But perhaps that is already the case.
Students had made every possible effort to formulate difficult questions and many staff members showed up to provide answers. Can all psychiatric disorders be modeled in mice?
Do plants have brains or something analogous to it? Can they be trained to show a particular behavior? Why are crows so incredibly smart if they lack a neocortex?
Who owns the intellectual property rights of research that was funded with public funds? Why does aging result in memory loss?
How can humanity increase its collective wisdom? And why are linguists often not regarded as scientists? Being a linguist myself, I felt immediately great sympathy for Harwintha Anjarningsih, who asked the last question.
Unfortunately, I could not answer her, because Bert Otten was ahead of me. To be honest, he did a fantastic job, much better than I would have been able to do.
Some herald Bayesian Statistics as the new savior, a revolution, a panacea. Others are skeptical. What should we make of this?
I decided to ask Prof. Why am I so interested in Bayesian Statistics? Double dipping occurs when the same data set is used for selection and selective analysis.
Due to selection criteria, statistical results appear to be much stronger than they really are. It is like asking thousands of people to predict the weather tomorrow and statistically comparing the predictions of the people that correctly predicted the weather with the rest.
Something is obviously wrong here. Is not most, if not all, reasoning in science circular? For instance, I see cells through a microscope if a microscope enlarges reality and does not distort it.
We assume it does not distort reality if it corroborates with another measure and if that measure is also not distorted. Well, we can go on until we conclude that a cell exists if a cell exists!
Is there a way out? According to Dr. Renken, the main lecturer of the fMRI course, there is. The solution is called: Bayesian Statistics BStat.
It can be used to reason under uncertainty. While no theoretical claim can ever be certain, the probabilities of it being true can be updated by each new experience.
It is a way of relating a priori probabilities of data and theory with their probabilities after the results of a new experiment.
Because of this claim to solve extra-statistical, philosophical problems I became interested in BStat.
There is something enigmatic about it. There is a totally different aura around it than ordinary statistics.
He showed how the claim of social psychologist Daryl Bem that people can predict the future is far less likely when a Bayes factor is applied.
Florian claimed that BStat is a way of filtering out pseudo science. In fact, in the 14 September newsletter of the University of Amsterdam, Prof.
Wagenmakers states that there should be a Bayesian revolution in the social sciences. And there are already many practical applications.
So is BStat the panacea for all the problems in science? Not everyone is as enthusiastic about BStat. In edition 84 of the BCN newsletter, Dr.
Dave Langers argued that, although very useful, BStat faces a few substantial problems. First, because BStat takes the prior probabilities into account, conclusions do not reflect pure observations, but rather preconceptions.
How can BStat overcome these problems? And is it the grand savior or a mere tool out of thousands? In order to answer these questions I interviewed Prof.
The interview proved to be very interesting. We were still stuck at question 1 after about an hour. So let us peak into the career of Prof.
At the time, he was mostly interested in the philosophy of science, so he conducted a Ph. The subject of this Ph.
After finishing this Ph. One of his teachers was the famous David Lee Wallace, who showed BStat could be applied to derive the author of papers of which the authorship was disputed.
What was interesting to hear was that when he arrived in Chicago, most of the Bayesians were already retired.
They made way for a new badge of statisticians: The Frequentists. So even though BStat is currently hot, it is in no way new. The battle of Bayesians vs.
Frequentists would attack the quantities the Bayesians were working with, such as the prior, stating that such prior distribution would introduce a subjective element in science.
Nowadays the debate is more refined. Actually, the difference between Frequentist and Bayesian statistics is becoming more and more blurred.
An example of such convergence can be found in methods to analyse fMRI data. Bayesians use the prior to correct for noise in the data.
While the Maximum Likelihood procedure Frequentist often results in lots of little dots, the Bayesian voxels appear more smeared out.
Here, the penalty is equivalent to the prior in BStat. So is there an advantage to using BStat?
Why is it so hot? According to Prof. Wit, the increased popularity of BStat has to do with recent developments in Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods MCMC in combination with the enormous computational power of modern computers.
MCMC methods are sophisticated sampling methods that can approximate a target distribution. While this iterative sampling method would have taken days or weeks to complete in the past, nowadays it can actually be faster than Frequentist methods like the Maximum Likelihood, especially when applied in complex modeling situations.
Therefore Bayesians have a clear computational advantage and are able to model more complex and hopefully more realistic situations.
But Prof. Wit agrees with the critique of Dr. However, it depends on the prior that is used. In the case that the prior reflects true knowledge, it would be silly not to use it.
For instance, certain parameters may be bound by certain quantities. Priors about generic information can be an example of such priors reflecting true knowledge.
These structural priors are very useful in modeling. Biased priors are a big problem however. If there is no good reason to believe that certain parameters should have certain boundaries or different experts come up with different priors, it is highly problematic.
In fields of that nature, such as sociology and psychology, where sometimes it is not even clear what counts as a parameter, you should become worried.
Wit also attenuates the optimism with which BStat is heralded as meta-analytic tool. BStat is not a magic bullet. BStat will not distinguish between good and bad science.
If rubbish goes in, rubbish comes out. And besides, Frequentist meta-analysis can do roughly the same thing.
What can we conclude? First of all, BStat is not new. And while radical Bayesians or Frequentists still exist, the distinction is becoming less and less important.
What Bayesians can do, Frequentists can do in pretty much the same way. In depends very much on the nature of the problem at hand, which approach is the most suited: A mix-and-match.
Unfortunately, BStat is not a panacea. However, sometimes I still feel like living in a dream. I can remember how I felt during my first few days in the tranquil yet lively Dutch city Groningen.
For example, the huge windows covering almost half of the wall, the more-than-a-meter-high plants reaching out from the gardens, the tall residents that I had to look up to in order to find their smiling faces and so on.
On the one hand, Groningen is so ideal for both living and studying that it has become my favorite city among those I have ever lived in.
On the other hand, the BCN master programme is exactly what I have been longing for. I always believe it is impossible to solve the puzzle of the human mind without a comprehensive grasp of the interaction of human behavior, thoughts and the underlying activities of the brain.
The multidisciplinary education highlighted by the BCN programme provides me a precious opportunity to broaden my horizons.
Although the strange terms in B-track and N-track talks sometimes make me frustrated, I am grateful that I have been given the chance to draw a bigger picture of the field in my mind.
Another benefit from the programme is its emphasis on research. I have been working hard for my minor project for about three months and I have learned a lot more than expected, not only from the progresses but also from the setbacks.
Owing to the more than ten different versions of unsuccessful pilot experiments, I am a lot more experienced in programming experiments and more importantly a precise attitude towards research is internalized.
Thanks to the EEG labs being really busy in this period, I have had a chance to train my time management skills and also to work and make friends with many researchers from different disciplines.
When it comes to people I know in my dream-like new life, my heart only fills with gratitude. As the only truly international student in C-track and seemingly the only Asian student in the whole mater programme this year , I did feel at a loss right after the welcoming meeting.
Fortunately, my fellow C-trackers have been a great source of comfort and support to me even before I could recognize each of them by their names or faces.
I would have been much less accustomed to the new school life if the C-trackers did not get along so well that we always chatted in a group for at least half an hour after every lecture.
The city, the programme and the friends in my new life are all too wonderful to be true. If it is not a dream now, it must have been a dream once that has come true after the dreamer walked through her long long journey.
Erik Boddeke and Prof. Under the leadership of Prof. Christiane Herden and Dr. For them BCN with their research themes come as natural partners.
For this reason they contacted BCN member Prof. Longstanding research connections of BCN members with several groups from both German universities helped to establish this connection.
Amalia Dolga who is now working in the group of Prof. Carsten Cullmsee in Marburg. Areas of interaction between the Graduierten Kolleg and BCN are the establishment of common research and methodological seminars, lab rotations, comparative morphology and neurobiology, common summer schools and student research days.
Of high interest to our guests was especially the traditionally high expertise in Groningen on behavioral testing of animals and the field of neuroimmunology.
After a short introduction on BCN given by Prof. Boddeke, Prof. Herden and Dr. Rummel gave a brief overview on the Graduiertenkolleg structure.
We invited researchers from Groningen to match these topics during the event, which was located in Het Paleis.
However, other research groups from our university expressing interest are welcome to make contact via Prof.
Boddeke to exchange information on the organization of the research school. The German visitors were impressed by helpful comments they received from BCN and expressed their gratitude.
All researchers affiliated with BCN were invited. Around 40 researchers from all four faculties participated and there were 9 very interesting talks.
There was also a round table discussion with the BCN Board members. There we observed that the principal investigators meet each other regularly.
BCN is an interdisciplinary community with many members. As a result, sometimes it is difficult for researchers to know who else is a BCN member, and what other research is going on within BCN.
Upon our return, we proposed our idea for organizing such a meeting to the board of BCN, who reacted very positively to the idea and provided the support for the meeting to happen.
What have we learned from the talks? Jacob Jolij Psychology, GMW showed that our brains can play tricks on us and make us perceive external stimuli differently, depending on our memory, expectation and mood.
Marije aan het Rot Psychology, GMW pointed out that depression is not simply a brain regulation problem, but is also closely connected with social functioning.
Janniko Georgiadis Neurosciences, UMCG , without videos, showed how brain activity changes during sexual arousal and orgasm in humans.
Further, when used as an experimental tool, they can reveal effects of aging or disorders on language processing.
Langers, P. Mapping the tonotopic organization in human auditory cortex with minimally salient acoustic stimulation. Cerebral Cortex Some causes of the variable shape of flocks of birds.
PLoS One 6 8 : e Music alters visual perception. PLoS One 6 4 :e What have we learned from the round table discussion?
For other faculties, the benefits are mostly in having a well-structured PhD and master programme where the students benefit from many useful courses offered, having a network of scientists with similar interests, and the opportunity to participate in events such as this meeting or regularly organized symposia.
BCN currently accepts any researcher who wants to become a member as a member, and it was decided that we would like to keep the community open to everyone by continuing with this practice.
As for interdisciplinary collaborations, it was decided that opportunities to bring the PIs together, such as through meetings like this or using the BCN newsletter, would be useful.
The benefit of these collaborations is All presenters obviously loved their work. And the listeners enjoyed the talks, as was obvious from the vivid discussions.
I greatly enjoyed the broad scope of behavioral and cognitive neuroscience, as displayed today.
Bright light exposure during acute tryptophan depletion prevents a lowering of mood in mildly seasonal women. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. Georgiadis et al.
Dynamic subcortical activity during male sexual activity with ecological validity: a perfusion fMRI study. Evidence for bilateral involvement in idiom comprehension: An fMRI study.
In short, BCN is a community of scientists who have similar interests and who also want to thrive within a group of scientists.
To keep it alive, we each have to put in some effort. What have we learned from the meeting? Abnormal parietal function in conversion paresis, PLoS One 6 10 :e Epub Oct PI meetings can be disastrous with a mishmash of talks that nobody understand, or they can be thoughtprovoking experiences with lots of discussion.
Thankfully, it turned out to be the latter. With a small but enthusiastic group we listened to talks ranging from models of bird flock formations to courtship behavior in fruitflies.
We learned about how PCA was instrumental in uncovering tonotopic maps in fMRI in humans I did not know that was such a recent discovery!
We watched beautiful movies and animations of bird flocks and fish flocks in a talk by Charlotte Hemelrijk.
We ended up having an interesting discussion about how the same models could potentially be used to describe dynamics of flocks of cyclists.
Given some traumatic experiences in a course in molecular and cell biology during my PhD, I had never thought that a talk about fruit fly genetics could be interesting.
But Jean-Christoph Billeter talked about how males start to mate males when simply one molecule is missing from the display of a fruit fly, and how this behavior can be reversed by spraying this molecule onto it.
For me, as a fairly new faculty in BCN, this was a good opportunity to get to know some interesting new science, hang out with old friends and meet new ones.
The close proximity is an advantage for Groningen researchers who are interested in international collaborations. Pim van Dijk and Prof.
The purpose was for hearing researchers from both sides to meet with each other and to learn about research that is conducted on either side of the Netherlands-Germany border.
The meeting was also a continuation of the International Graduate School of Neurosensory Science, Systems and Applications InterGK, that established a long-standing successful collaboration between our universities.
Kollmeier introduced the structure of hearing-perception related research in their universities. Following this, other researchers from the ENT and Artificial Intelligence Departments and the Neuroimaging Center of the RUG gave presentations on a wide range of topics, including speech perception, auditory cognition, biophysics of hearing, real-life listening environments, animal models of hearing, cochlear implants and hearing aids.
A highlight of the day were the student presentations. The students each had only 5 minutes to introduce a poster about their work and they all managed to do the impossible task of summarizing years-worth of work in those few minutes.
The Groningen-Oldenburg seminar turned out to be a very interactive meeting that highlighted vital opportunities for collaboration between our universities.
A follow-up seminar is being organized and the researchers have already started working on a number of collaborative projects. The target audience consisted of neurologists and psychiatrists, as well as experts from other related fields, with the purpose of stimulating a multidisciplinary atmosphere to provide the guests new insights to the field.
Positron emission tomography PET images metabolic activity through the injection of an analogue of glucose, namely Fluorodeoxyglucose FDG.
This technique is widely used, for instance, in tumor research. Singlephoton emission computer tomography SPECT on the other hand works through the injection of radio isotopes.
This technique provides 3D information by means of gamma rays. The location of the symposium was the UMCG. Due to the fact that only one speaker was presenting at a time, the lecture hall was well-attended throughout the symposium.
Next to the president of the symposium, Prof. There were 13 sessions in total, each hosted by two chairpersons from the UMCG with expert knowledge about the topic in question.
Furthermore, techniques and modeling, as well as imaging of different neurotransmitters and receptors were discussed. Next to the experts of the fields mentioned above, a few BCN students were given the opportunity to attend the symposium.
By this, it was possible to gather new insights about current topics and state of the art research outside the lecture hall. Overall the three days were a rich experience and we hope that Groningen could become a regular host for experts in this important field of research.
With his retirement, one of the founders of modern child and adolescent psychiatry in the Netherlands says farewell.
In honour of his exceptional efforts in the field of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, he received a royal award. He was one of the first psychiatrists in the Netherlands who saw the need for behavioral interventions in child psychiatry.
His scientific interest was focused on the biological aspects of developmental and behavioral disorders and information processing in children with developmental disabilities.
The importance of the role of parents, both in diagnosis and in treatment, was always central to the work of Ruud Minderaa.
He always tried to connect research, education and care, and in this way he inspired many of his colleagues.
He was instrumental in the creation of the Dutch Knowledge Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, which is now one of the major institutions in the field of child and adolescent psychiatry in the Netherlands.
The aim of this centre is to make knowledge available for young patients, parents and professionals.
Large numbers of medical, psychology and pedagogy students and countless children, youngsters and parents will continue to admire Ruud as an inspiring teacher and an experienced and committed psychiatrist.
Professor Minderaa studied medicine and was trained as psychiatrist in Rotterdam. After a brief stay in the United States, he joined the University of Groningen in , first appointed as Associate Professor and later as Professor at the Department of Child and Juvenile Psychiatry.
After the merger in , he became a member of the board of Accare, which is the specialist in child and adolescent psychiatry in the Northern Netherlands.
Come and Try the BCN retreat! After half a year of PhD life, there are still some As a PhD student from clinical psychology, I really questions about being a qualified PhD student lingering in my mind.
During the speed dating session, I found that many other PhD students, regardless of their background, have similar questions. Our discussions ranged from how to keep a close relationship with our busy supervisors to how to make our plan more practical, etc.
Suggestions, such as writing two hundred words each day, rain or shine, or establishing a shared google doc with our supervisors, are all practical and feasible.
Experiences handed down from senior PhD students enlightened the day. It was a good balance between intellectual content and relaxation.
There was plenty of chance to get to know other PhD students. Because I am situated in the psychology department, we usually talk about abstract psychological constructs such as mood, attention, cognition.
Therefore it was really refreshing to discuss the neurobiology of psychiatric diseases with fellow BCN members.
Especially for those PhD students whose projects are so-called interdisciplinary, BCN is a great research school.
In addition, it was interesting to experience the subtle differences between the beta type research and analysis performed by most BCN members and the gamma type of research generally performed in psychology.
I will definitely join next time! To be honest, it is not easy to understand protein synthesis and test-tube babies from my linguistic perspective.
However, presentations from other disciplines inspired me in terms of experiment design, analysis approach and presentation skills.
It was also exciting to find a different perspective on the same issues we were dealing with, like seeing a familiar world from a kaleidoscope.
A second definition even states that a retreat is a place of quietness, security and peace holiday - vakantieverblijf.
However, the BCN interpretation of retreat did not meet my expectations based on these determinations in many ways. Whereas hotel de Oringer Marke and Odoorn itself seemed perfectly suitable for the quietest two days I would ever had, I instead spent my time speed dating myself into an incredible dry mouth and throwing myself an RSI arm on the bowling alley.
A quick heartbeat, sweat and anxiety kicked in on Friday morning before my presentation. Nevertheless, the valuable constructive feedback, the new ideas and new contacts will contribute to my PhD project in such a way that it will be less stressful, less risky, and a lot easier to manage.
The invitation to spend 2 days in Odoorn, away from our study of the tiny details, may well have come at an inconvenient time for most of us.
And to make the event challenging enough, the BCN kindly asks the presenters of the retreat to explain their entire project within 15 minutes to a group of scientists, the majority of whom are not familiar with the specific topic at all.
Well, nothing could be further from the truth! Who knew that a combination of speed-dating, forest walks, and a bunch of scientific talks is exactly what brings us further in our research.
It sometimes helps to talk to a colleague from the same field about the precious details of your study, but it can sometimes be even more helpful to talk to a scientist from a completely different field about the general purpose and the big picture that made us start our project in the first place.
The beauty of BCN lies within its diversity of disciplines and this is exactly what we, the PhD students, should make full use of.
As a linguist, for example, I do not have a particular interest in microglia and the non-linguists of BCN typically stop listening when we talk about morphemes or suffixes.
I will not pretend that these kinds of situations did not happen a couple of times during the last retreat, but with the very useful comments and constructive criticism of the scientists who gave feedback to the presenters, we have all learned to look at our project from a more global scientific perspective.
The BCN retreat thus challenges us to bridge the gap between the various researchers within different fields and to practice thinking like our target audience.
And that is a skill that, especially in the world of research, should never be overestimated. Therefore, it is important for them to have someone who is accessible for practical questions, and will help establish social integration in the PhD community and their faculty.
For that purpose BCN has recently introduced the buddy system, in which new PhD students the buddies are paired with senior PhD students the mentors.
The new students can choose between a personalized one-to-one buddy system, where one buddy is paired with one mentor, or they can decide on being part of a mentor group, where a senior PhD student is paired with multiple buddies.
In either format, the buddies and their mentors meet in informal settings and can discuss various academic and social topics that concern them.
These topics can vary from discussing the impact factors of research journals to finding out which is the best spot in Groningen to hangout with friends, colleagues or frolleagues.
Marek Waleg, student research project : Mikrostrukturanalyse an koronaren Stents aus verschiedenen Werkstoffen, Duisburg, Lars Schieweg, Diploma thesis : Mikrostrukturentwicklung bei zyklischer Torsionsbeanspruchung von Eisen- und Kobalt-Basislegierungen bei niedrigen Frequenzen, Duisburg, Wasser an Motorzylinderproben bzw.
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